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Additional resources for Dictionary of Furniture: Second Edition
Korean furnishings has emulated that of northern China in its types and methods. within the twentieth century, even though, Korean makers have made a area of expertise of case furnishings modeled at the eastern tansu. *** The historical past of post-medieval ecu and, later, American furnishings, is particularly complicated. many various types have advanced in a trend of associated impacts that frequently doubles again on itself. What follows is a cursory survey of the excessive issues. the center a while got here to an finish with the flowering of philosophy and paintings that we all know because the Renaissance. starting within the 14th century in northern Italy, students and artists sought to restore the cultural and highbrow global of historical Greece and Rome. within the ornamental arts, this intended the variation of old architectural and decorative units. In furnishings, this reformulation used to be superficial before everything: the unspecialized sorts of medieval furnishings have been made with historic Roman ornamental motifs. those incorporated putti, urns, and mythological beasts equivalent to the sphinx and the chimera. Human figuration was once additionally renowned, specially within the miniature busts often called Romayne paintings. extra complicated carving preferred using gesso and pastiglia, smooth and practicable fabrics. And walnut, simply labored, grew to become the cloth of selection over the normal oak, that's a miles tougher wooden. additionally, pictorial photos promoted the advance of tricky inlay options, together with intarsia and pietra dure. the 1st new shape was once the cassone, that's essentially the normal chest adorned with work on panels. notwithstanding, specific rooms—and specific sorts of furniture—began to be linked to specific makes use of, and a much broader array of kinds advanced. The cassone turned the cassapanca, a sofa. a mild facet chair, the scabella, emerged, as did the credenza, a sideboard that grew to become a regular piece of furnishings. many types of cabinet have been devised, together with the armoire. initially Italian, the Renaissance kind seduced the remainder of Europe, particularly after King François I of France invaded Italy in 1494 and, inspired by way of the humanities and structure he encountered, introduced Italian craftsmen and artists (including the likes of Leonardo da Vinci and Rosso Fiorentino) again to France. the end result used to be the François I kind, a particular amalgam of northern Gothic and Renaissance ornamental arts that was once powerfully influential all through northern Europe. *** by way of the second one 1/2 the sixteenth century, Renaissance ornamental types had advanced into the part we distinguish as mannerism. Astounded by means of old Rome’s painted interiors, lately came upon, designers all through Europe all started decorating furnishings with a phantasmagoria of extravagant and peculiar photos, united through fields of arabesques and strapwork. The motifs incorporated surprisingly rendered human heads, outstanding creatures akin to griffins and winged beasts, and multitudes of naturalistically rendered vines, plants, and birds. referred to as “grotesque ornament,” this mode persisted for use during the baroque and rococo sessions.